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~ Parent-Child Group
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Speech and Language Therapy

A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is a highly-trained professional who evaluates and treats children who have difficulty with speech and language. If a child has difficulty with SPEECH, he/she struggles with the “how-to” of talking----the coordination of the muscles and movements necessary to produce speech. If a child has trouble with LANGUAGE, he/she struggles with understanding what he/she hears or sees. A child may struggle to find the right words and/or organize those words in a meaningful way to communicate a message or hold a conversation.

A speech-language pathologists treats:

These are the common speech and language disorders...

Speech Disorders

  1. Articulation- the way we say our speech sounds- Intelligibility of speech depends on the accuracy of the use of sounds and how the child puts them into words/sentences.
  2. Phonology- the speech patterns we use
  3. Apraxia- difficulty planning and coordinating the movements needed to make speech sounds
  4. Fluency- stuttering
  5. Voice- problems with the way the voice sounds
Language Disorders
  1. Expressive Language- difficulty using language- when babbling, making sounds or words.
  2. Receptive Language- difficulty understanding language-specifically when a child is asked to point to a “dog” and they point to a “cat”.
  3. Pragmatic Language- social communication; the way we speak to each other and how we interact with peers.
Other Disorders
  1. Oral-Motor Disorders- weak tongue and/or lip muscles
  2. Swallowing/Feeding Disorders- difficulty swallowing and/or chewing
  3. Deafness/Hearing Loss- loss of hearing; therapy includes developing lip-reading, speech, and/or alternative communication systems